Neurons do what

The average human brain has about 100 billion neurons

Every neuron maintains a voltage gradient across its membrane, due to metabolically-driven differences in ions of sodium, potassium, chloride and calcium within the cell, each of which has a different charge. If the voltage changes significantly, an electrochemical pulse called an action potential (or nerve impulse) is generated. This electrical activity can be measured and displayed as a wave form called brain wave or brain rhythm.

The interactions of neurons is not merely electrical, though, but electro-chemical. Each axon terminal contains thousands of membrane-bound sacs called vesicles, which in turn contain thousands of neurotransmitter molecules each. Neurotransmitters are chemical messengers which relay, amplify and modulate signals between neurons and other cells. The two most common neurotransmitters in the brain are the amino acids glutamate and GABA; other important neurotransmitters include acetylcholine, dopamine, adrenaline, histamine, serotonin and melatonin.

This info taken from http://www.human-memory.net/brain_neurons.html

I wanted to write a poem about neurons but I have no creativity today, my neurons are too tired. When looking for a poem written by someone else, I found this amazing song instead. His neurons were obviously not tired, and his voice is great too. Enjoy!

More info about how neurons fire – http://animatlab.com/Help/Documentation/Neural-Network-Editor/Neural-Simulation-Plug-ins/Firing-Rate-Neural-Plug-in/Neuron-Basics

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